The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Effect of 4-coumaric and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid on oxidative DNA damage in rat colonic mucosa.

The effect of 4-coumaric and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic (protocatechuic) acid on the basal oxidative DNA damage of rat colonic mucosa in vivo was studied, relative to vitamin E. F344 rats were treated with 4-coumaric or protocatechuic acid mixed in the diet (25 or 50 mg/kg for 2 weeks). It was observed that 4-coumaric acid (50 mg/kg) significantly decreased the basal level of the oxidative damage assessed as 8-OH-2'-deoxyguanosine levels in DNA and by the comet assay. Moreover, it was found that vitamin E (10 mg/kg) had no effect on colonic mucosa oxidation damage, whereas at a higher dose (55 mg/kg) it actually enhanced oxidative stress. The effect of 4-coumaric acid (50 mg/kg) on the expression of some glutathione-related enzymes (glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-P, GST-M2, GST-M1, gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, glutathione peroxidase (GSPX)1 and GSPX4) was also investigated at the level of the colonic mucosa. Only the expression of GST-M2 was significantly induced by 4-coumaric acid, while protocatechuic acid was inactive. The data suggest that 4-coumaric acid acts as an antioxidant in the colonic mucosa in vivo.[1]

References

  1. Effect of 4-coumaric and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid on oxidative DNA damage in rat colonic mucosa. Guglielmi, F., Luceri, C., Giovannelli, L., Dolara, P., Lodovici, M. Br. J. Nutr. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities