The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of Nrf2 and accumulation of ubiquitinated A170 by arsenic in osteoblasts.

Sub-lethal levels of arsenic induce upregulation of stress proteins. We here report for the first time that inorganic arsenic activates the transcription factor Nrf2, which controls the expression of oxidative stress-induced proteins. Treatment of cultured MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts with arsenite or arsenate induced increase of Nrf2, followed by transcriptional activation of target genes encoding HO-1, Prx I, and A170. We found that arsenate (200-800 micro M) only slightly increased the normal 60kDa A170 protein but markedly increased higher molecular mass forms of A170 (HMM-A170) that appeared as smeared bands. Arsenate also markedly increased ubiquitin-conjugated cellular proteins, suggesting that HMM-A170 was one of the poly-ubiquitinated proteins. Arsenite (50-100 micro M) also induced accumulation of HMM-A170 and ubiquitin-conjugated proteins. These results provide the first direct evidence that toxic arsenics impair the normal function of A170. Our findings provide a potential diagnostic tool for monitoring biotoxicity in cells and tissues in response to arsenic compounds.[1]


  1. Activation of Nrf2 and accumulation of ubiquitinated A170 by arsenic in osteoblasts. Aono, J., Yanagawa, T., Itoh, K., Li, B., Yoshida, H., Kumagai, Y., Yamamoto, M., Ishii, T. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities