The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ammonia potentiates methylmalonic acid-induced convulsions and TBARS production.

Hyperammonemia is a common finding in children with methylmalonic acidemia, an inherited metabolic disease characterized by mental retardation, convulsions, and accumulation of methylmalonic acid (MMA). Although it has been suggested that MMA induces convulsions through succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) inhibition, very little is known about the contribution of hyperammonemia to the development of convulsions in these patients. In the present study we investigated the effects of ammonium ions on the convulsant action of MMA, MMA-induced inhibition of striatal succinate dehydrogenase, and the striatal content of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS). Adult rats were injected with ammonium acetate (1.5 mmol/kg, sc) or sodium acetate (1.5 mmol/kg, sc), followed 5 min later by buffered MMA (3 micromol/microl) or NaCl (4.5 micromol/microl) injected into the striatum. The animals were observed in an open field for the appearance of convulsive episodes. After 30 min of behavioral evaluation, the animals were sacrificed and had their striatal TBARS content measured. Ammonium acetate pretreatment caused no behavioral effects per se, but potentiated MMA-induced convulsions and increased basal TBARS content and MMA-induced TBARS production in the striatum. Ammonium chloride had no effect on basal succinate dehydrogenase activity and did not alter MMA-induced inhibition of SDH in vitro. These results suggest that ammonia potentiates MMA-induced behavioral effects through a mechanism that does not involve further succinate dehydrogenase inhibition, but may involve facilitation of MMA-induced oxidative damage and provide evidence that ammonia and MMA may have mutually additive toxicity.[1]


  1. Ammonia potentiates methylmalonic acid-induced convulsions and TBARS production. Marisco, P.d.a. .C., Ribeiro, M.C., Bonini, J.S., Lima, T.T., Mann, K.C., Brenner, G.M., Dutra-Filho, C.S., Mello, C.F. Exp. Neurol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities