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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

C-terminal KDEL sequence of a KDEL-tailed cysteine proteinase (sulfhydryl-endopeptidase) is involved in formation of KDEL vesicle and in efficient vacuolar transport of sulfhydryl-endopeptidase.

Sulfhydryl-endopeptidase (SH-EP) is a papain-type vacuolar proteinase expressed in cotyledons of germinated Vigna mungo seeds, and the enzyme possesses a C-terminal propeptide containing KDEL tail, an endoplasmic reticulum retention signal for soluble proteins. SH-EP is transported to vacuoles via a KDEL vesicle (KV) through a Golgi complex-independent route. To see the function of the KDEL sequence of SH-EP, wild-type SH-EP and its KDEL deletion mutant (SH-EPDeltaKDEL) were heterologously expressed in Arabidopsis and in cultured tobacco Bright Yellow 2 cells, and their intracellular transport pathways and localizations were analyzed. A combination of the results from analyses for transformed Arabidopsis and tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cells indicated that wild-type SH-EP is packed into KV-like vesicles through the KDEL sequence and is transported to vacuoles in the cells of transformants. In contrast, KV was not formed/induced in the cells expressing SH-EPDeltaKDEL, and the mutant protein was mainly secreted. Therefore, the C-terminal KDEL sequence of the KDEL-tailed cysteine proteinase is thought to be involved in the formation of KV, and in the efficient vacuolar transport of the proteins through KV.[1]


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