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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serum pyrrolidone carboxypeptidase activity in N-methyl-nitrosourea induced rat breast cancer.

Pyrrolidone carboxypeptidase ( Pcp) (E.C. is an omega peptidase widely distributed in animal fluids and tissues and hydrolyses N-terminal pyroglutamic residues from biologically active peptides such as gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Previous results obtained by us showed a decrease in human breast cancer Pcp activity, suggesting that this enzyme activity or its putative substrates may play a major role in breast cancer pathogenesis. The aim of the present work is to analyse serum Pcp activity in N-methyl-nitrosourea ( NMU) induced rat mammary tumours using pyroglutamyl-beta-naphthylamide as substrate. Serum Pcp activity was significantly lower in NMU-treated rats than in controls. Moreover, multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between Pcp activity and the number and size of tumours and the body weight of the animals. Since NMU-induced carcinomas are mainly oestrogen-dependent, the decrease observed in Pcp activity may reflect an increase in circulating levels of GnRH that lead to an increase in gonadal steroid hormones production responsible, at least in part, for the initiation and promotion of the disease.[1]


  1. Serum pyrrolidone carboxypeptidase activity in N-methyl-nitrosourea induced rat breast cancer. Carrera, M.P., Ramírez-Expósito, M.J., Valenzuela, M.T., García, M.J., Mayas, M.D., Martínez-Martos, J.M. Horm. Metab. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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