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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and partial characterization of chick brain synaptic plasma membranes.

An isolation procedure for synaptic plasma membranes from whole chick brain is reported that uses the combined flotation-sedimentation density gradient centrifugation procedure described by Jones and Matus (Jones, D. H. and Matus, A. I. (1974) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 356, 276-287) for rat brain. The particulate of the osmotically shocked and sonicated crude mitochondrial fraction was used for a flotation-sedimentation gradient step. Four fractions were recovered from the gradient after 30 min centrifugation. The fractions were identified and characterized by electron microscopy and by several markers for plasma membrane and other subcellular organelles. Fraction 2 was recovered from the 28.5-34% (w/v) sucrose interphase and contained the major part of the activities of the neuronal plasma membrane marker enzymes. The specific activities of the (Na+ +K+)-activated ATPase (EC, acetylcholinesterase (EC and 5'-nucleotidase (EC were, respectively, 4.5, 2.0 and 1.2 times higher than in the homogenate. However, Fraction 2 also contained considerable amounts of activities of putative lysosomal and microsomal markers in addition to lower amounts of mitochondrial and myelin markers. Although no prepurification of synaptosomes from the crude mitochondrial fraction was performed, the synaptic plasma membranes obtained showed many properties analogous to similar preparations from rat brain described in recent years.[1]


  1. Isolation and partial characterization of chick brain synaptic plasma membranes. Van Leeuwen, C., Stam, H., Oestreicher, A.B. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1976) [Pubmed]
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