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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells.

Activation of 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) by growth factors regulates protein synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells. The interaction between G protein-coupled receptors and activated 4E-BP1 is unclear. We examined phosphadityl inositol (PI) 3-kinase in angiotensin II-induced 4E-BP1 phosphorylation in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells. Angiotensin II time and dose dependently stimulated phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 through the angiotensin AT(1) receptor. Pretreatment with wortmannin or 2-(4-Morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one (LY294002), a PI 3-kinase inhibitor, suppressed angiotensin II-induced phosphorylation, but a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal- regulated kinases (ERK) kinase-1 (MEK-1) inhibitor, 2'-Amino-3'-methoxyflavone (PD98059), and a p38 MAPK inhibitor, 4-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)1H-imidazole (SB203580), had no effect. With regard to the involvement of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70 S6 kinase, angiotensin II-induced phosphorylation was abolished by pretreatment with rapamycin, but not by tosylphenylalanine chloromethyl ketone or tosyllysine chloromethyl ketone. Ca(2+) was involved, since intracellular Ca(2+) chelation inhibited angiotensin II-induced phosphorylation while a Ca(2+) ionophore, A23187, stimulated phosphorylation. Thus, angiotensin II induces the phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 via the PI 3-kinase/mTOR pathway, but not via ERK or p70 S6 kinase.[1]


  1. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy of vascular smooth muscle cells. Yamakawa, T., Tanaka, S., Kamei, J., Kadonosono, K., Okuda, K. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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