The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amyloid nucleation and hierarchical assembly of Ure2p fibrils. Role of asparagine/glutamine repeat and nonrepeat regions of the prion domains.

The yeast prion protein Ure2 forms amyloid-like filaments in vivo and in vitro. This ability depends on the N-terminal prion domain, which contains Asn/Gln repeats, a motif thought to cause human disease by forming stable protein aggregates. The Asn/Gln region of the Ure2p prion domain extends to residue 89, but residues 15-42 represent an island of "normal" random sequence, which is highly conserved in related species and is relatively hydrophobic. We compare the time course of structural changes monitored by thioflavin T (ThT) binding fluorescence and atomic force microscopy for Ure2 and a series of prion domain mutants under a range of conditions. Atomic force microscopy height images at successive time points during a single growth experiment showed the sequential appearance of at least four fibril types that could be readily differentiated by height (5, 8, 12, or 9 nm), morphology (twisted or smooth), and/or time of appearance (early or late in the plateau phase of ThT binding). The Ure2 dimer (h = 2.6 +/- 0.5 nm) and granular particles corresponding to higher order oligomers (h = 4-12 nm) could also be detected. The mutants 15Ure2 and Delta 15-42Ure2 showed the same time-dependent variation in fibril types but with an increased lag time detected by ThT binding compared with wild-type Ure2. In addition, Delta 15-42Ure2 showed reduced binding to ThT. The results imply a role of the conserved region in both amyloid nucleation and formation of the binding surface recognized by ThT. Further, Ure2 amyloid formation is a multistep process via a series of fibrillar intermediates.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities