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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tuberous sclerosis genes regulate cellular 14-3-3 protein levels.

The genes TSC1, encoding hamartin, and TSC2, encoding tuberin are responsible for tuberous sclerosis. This autosomal dominant tumor suppressor gene syndrome affects about 1 in 6000 individuals. A variety of tumors characteristically occur in different organs of tuberous sclerosis patients and are believed to result from defects in cell cycle/cell size control. We performed a proteomics approach of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis with subsequent mass spectrometrical identification of protein spots after ectopic overexpression of human TSC1 or TSC2. We found the cellular levels of four isoforms of the 14-3-3 protein family, 14-3-3 gamma, 14-3-3, 14-3-3 sigma, and 14-3-3 zeta, to be regulated by the two tuberous sclerosis gene products. In the same experiments the protein levels of keratin 7, capZ alpha-1 subunit, ezrin, and nedasin were not affected by ectopic TSC1 or TSC2. Western blot analyses confirmed the deregulation of 14-3-3 proteins upon ectopic overexpression of TSC1 and TSC2. A TSC1 mutant not encoding the transmembrane domain and the tuberin- binding domain but harbouring most of the coiled-coil region and the ERM protein interaction domain of hamartin did not affect 14-3-3 protein levels. The here presented findings suggest that deregulation of 14-3-3 protein amounts might contribute to the development of tumors in tuberous sclerosis patients. These data provide important new insights into the molecular development of this disease especially since both, the TSC genes and the 14-3-3 proteins, are known to be involved in mammalian cell cycle control.[1]


  1. Tuberous sclerosis genes regulate cellular 14-3-3 protein levels. Hengstschläger, M., Rosner, M., Fountoulakis, M., Lubec, G. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
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