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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Increased activity of catalase in tumor cells overexpressing IGFBP-2.

Elevated levels of IGFBP-2 are found in serum and tissues under various stressful conditions and in many malignancies. In previous studies, we have shown that overexpression of IGFBP-2 results in increased tumorigenic potential in Y-1 mouse adrenocortical tumor cells, and that these effects are presumably mediated through IGF-independent mechanisms. Here, we show that highly proliferative IGFBP-2-overexpressing Y-1 cells, but not control Y-1 cells, grow to very high cell densities. In order to evaluate whether the increased cell densities in IGFBP-2-transfected Y-1 cells were accompanied by alterations in the oxidative stress system, we analyzed the effect of IGFBP-2 overexpression on the activity of various antioxidative enzymes in two malignant cell lines. Among the tested antioxidative enzymes ( catalase, superoxide-dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase), only catalase enzyme activity was significantly higher in IGFBP-2-transfected Y-1 mouse adrenocortical tumor cells and in IGFBP-2-transfected human colon tumor cells (Caco-2) compared to control-transfected Y-1 and Caco-2 cells and non-tumor 293 human epithelial cells. However, overexpression of catalase in malignant cells did not result in increased resistance to oxidative stress as measured by cell viability and protein oxidation after treatment of the cells with hydrogen peroxide. This might be due to an upregulation of the GST enzyme activity after treatment with H (2)O (2) that we observed selectively in the control-transfected Y-1 cells and which might compensate for the higher catalase activity in the IGFBP-2 overexpressing cells. In summary, we found a strong and selective upregulation of the catalase activity in IGFBP-2 overexpressing malignant Y-1 and Caco-2 cell lines that might contribute to the highly malignant phenotype of IGFBP-2 overexpressing tumors through as yet unknown mechanisms.[1]

References

  1. Increased activity of catalase in tumor cells overexpressing IGFBP-2. Hoeflich, A., Fettscher, O., Preta, G., Lahm, H., Kolb, H.J., Wolf, E., Weber, M.M. Horm. Metab. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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