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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of a novel polymorphism involving a CGG repeat in the PTCH gene and a genome-wide screening of CGG-containing genes.

Mutations in the human homologue of the Drosophila patched gene (PTCH) are responsible for the hereditary disorder called nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). PTCH has a CGG triplet repeat located 4 bp upstream of the first methionine codon. Here we report a novel polymorphism involving the number of the CGG-repeat. The major allele (86.3%) contained a repeat size of seven, whereas the minor allele contained eight. No significant difference in the distributions of genotypes was observed between normal and NBCCS individuals. However, when the repeat was inserted between a heterologous promoter and the luciferase gene, the longer repeats tended to induce higher luciferase activities, suggesting that the repeat length potentially affects the levels of gene expression. A genome-wide screening revealed that 68 and 146 genes contained a CGG/CCG repeat in the coding region and in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR), respectively. None of the genes had this repeat in 3'-UTR. Interestingly, the number of genes with a CGG repeat in the 5'-UTR was significantly higher than that with a CCG repeat in the 5'-UTR. The localization of a CGG/CCG repeat in PTCH is quite unique in that only four other genes have been found in which the repeat is localized up to 4 bp upstream of the first methionine.[1]


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