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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nuclear factor of activated T cells regulates transcription of the surfactant protein D gene ( Sftpd) via direct interaction with thyroid transcription factor-1 in lung epithelial cells.

Surfactant protein D ( SP-D) plays critical roles in host defense, surfactant homeostasis, and pulmonary immunomodulation. Here, we identify a role of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFATs) in regulation of murine SP-D gene ( Sftpd) transcription. An NFAT-dependent enhancer modulated by NFATs or calcineurin and sensitive to cyclosporin was identified in the Sftpd promoter. Ionomycin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate further increased the activity of this enhancer, whereas VIVIT, a potent NFAT inhibitor peptide, selectively interfered with the calcineurin-NFAT interaction and abolished enhancer function. Gel supershift and DNase I protection assays identified DNA elements that bind NFAT in the Sftpd promoter. Calcineurin and NFATc3 proteins were detected in the embryonic and adult mouse lung epithelium, and the mRNA expression profiles of the NFATs were similar in immortalized mouse lung epithelial cells and alveolar epithelial type II cells. NFATc3 and TTF-1 activated the Sftpd promoter, synergized transcription, co-immunoprecipitated from mouse lung epithelial cells, and physically interacted in vitro. Components of the calcineurin/ NFAT pathway were identified in respiratory epithelial cells of the lung that potentially augment rapid assembly of a multiprotein transcription complex on Sftpd promoter inducing SP-D expression.[1]


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