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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Malnutrition sequela on the drug metabolizing enzymes in male Holtzman rats.

The effect of food restriction on the specific activities of the drug metabolizing enzymes (DME) system was studied in Holtzman male rats by comparing DME activities in 90-day-old control rats fed ad libitum (CO), rats fed 40% restricted food (RF) from the gestation period to the day of sacrifice, and recovered rats (rRF) fed 40% restricted food from period of gestation to 45 days of age and then fed ad libitum until the day of sacrifice. In liver, total cytochrome P450 ( CYP) of the RF and rRF groups was higher by approximately 50% and 28%, respectively, than in CO rats. Specific activities of individual CYP monooxygenases (MO) such as CYP2B [7-methoxycoumarin demethylase (MOCD)], CYP1A [aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase ( AHH) and ethoxyresorufin deethylase (EORD)], and CYP2E [nitrosodimethylamine demethylase (NDMAd)] were 31, 61, 43, and 56% in RF and 16, 36, 26, and 32% in rRF groups, respectively, more than the CO values. Conjugases such as UDP- glucuronosyltransferases with substrates 3-OH benzo(a)pyrene ( UGT1) and 4-hydroxybiphenyl (UGT2) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) with substrate 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene were higher by 72, 69, and 33% in RF and 28, 38, and 24% in rRF groups, respectively. MO activities (MOCD and EORD) were significantly higher in lung, kidney, and intestine: MOCD by 82, 48, and 45% in RF and 40, 25, and 22% in rRF, respectively; and EORD by 84, 77, and 67% in RF and 40, 33, and 28% in rRF, respectively. However, activity of conjugases ( UGT1 and GST) were significantly lower (approximately 35-45%) in RF and rRF rats (approximately 20-30%) than in the CO group in above mentioned extrahepatic tissues. These studies indicate that undernourishment during the period of gestation, weanling, and growth and development of microsomal enzymes produces a sequela of events on the DME in hepatic and extrahepatic tissues that cannot return to the control values even when fed ad libitum.[1]


  1. Malnutrition sequela on the drug metabolizing enzymes in male Holtzman rats. Reen, R.K., Melo, G.E., Moraes-Santos, T. J. Nutr. Biochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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