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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Molecular abnormalities in pediatric embryonal brain tumors--analysis of loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 1, 5, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17 and 22.

Embryonal tumors, the most common group of malignant brain tumors in childhood, are heterogeneous and have been associated with a large number of genetic abnormalities. The aim of this study was to comprehensively analyze loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on regions harboring suppressor genes (PTCH2, PTCH1, APC, PTEN, DMBT1, SUFU, AXIN1, hSNF5/INI1) and to study chromosomal regions in which deletions have been described most frequently (1p, 1q, 11p, 16p, 17p). Twenty-nine children (17 male and 12 female), aged from 1 year 13 years were included in this study. There were 24 medulloblastomas (MB) and 5 supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (sPNET). Tissue samples from 29 primary and 11 recurrent tumors were analyzed according to the LOH standard procedures, which were extended to include fluorescence in situ hybridization for detection of isochromosome 17q (i(17q)) and direct sequencing ofTP53 exon 4. LOH on 17p was found in 15 out of 29 tumors. FISH analysis identified the presence of i(17q) in 16 tumors. Comparison of LOH analysis and the FISH data indicated that alterations of 17p were related to be the introduction of an i(17q) formation. LOH on 10q and 9q was observed in 4 and 2 cases, respectively, and was associated with alterations of chromosome 17. These results indicated a connection between alterations of PTCH/SHH genes and abnormalities of chromosome 17. A deleted region on 22q, covering the hSNF5/INI1 locus, was observed in 3 tumors. Progression of the molecular changes occurred in 1 case of recurrent medulloblastoma. LOH on 10q and 17p was found in both primary and recurrent tumor, while losses on 11p, 16p, and 16q occurred only in the recurrent tumor. No evidence of alteration in TP53 exon 4 was identified.[1]

References

  1. Molecular abnormalities in pediatric embryonal brain tumors--analysis of loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 1, 5, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17 and 22. Zakrzewska, M., Rieske, P., Debiec-Rychter, M., Zakrzewski, K., Polis, L., Fiks, T., Liberski, P.P. Clin. Neuropathol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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