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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A phytol-enriched diet induces changes in fatty acid metabolism in mice both via PPARalpha-dependent and -independent pathways.

Branched-chain fatty acids (such as phytanic and pristanic acid) are ligands for the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) in vitro. To investigate the effects of these physiological compounds in vivo, wild-type and PPARalpha-deficient (PPARalpha-/-) mice were fed a phytol-enriched diet. This resulted in increased plasma and liver levels of the phytol metabolites phytanic and pristanic acid. In wild-type mice, plasma fatty acid levels decreased after phytol feeding, whereas in PPARalpha-/- mice, the already elevated fatty acid levels increased. In addition, PPARalpha-/- mice were found to be carnitine deficient in both plasma and liver. Dietary phytol increased liver free carnitine in wild-type animals but not in PPARalpha-/- mice. Investigation of carnitine biosynthesis revealed that PPARalpha is likely involved in the regulation of carnitine homeostasis. Furthermore, phytol feeding resulted in a PPARalpha-dependent induction of various peroxisomal and mitochondrial beta-oxidation enzymes. In addition, a PPARalpha-independent induction of catalase, phytanoyl-CoA hydroxylase, carnitine octanoyltransferase, peroxisomal 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, and straight-chain acyl-CoA oxidase was observed. In conclusion, branched-chain fatty acids are physiologically relevant ligands of PPARalpha in mice. These findings are especially relevant for disorders in which branched-chain fatty acids accumulate, such as Refsum disease and peroxisome biogenesis disorders.[1]

References

  1. A phytol-enriched diet induces changes in fatty acid metabolism in mice both via PPARalpha-dependent and -independent pathways. Gloerich, J., van Vlies, N., Jansen, G.A., Denis, S., Ruiter, J.P., van Werkhoven, M.A., Duran, M., Vaz, F.M., Wanders, R.J., Ferdinandusse, S. J. Lipid Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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