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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bruton's tyrosine kinase is involved in p65-mediated transactivation and phosphorylation of p65 on serine 536 during NFkappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide.

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) has recently been shown to participate in the induction of nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB)-dependent gene expression by the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptor Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4). In this study we have examined the mechanism whereby Btk participates in this response. Treatment of the murine monocytic cell line Raw264.7 with LFM-A13, a specific Btk inhibitor, blocked LPS-induced NFkappaB-dependent reporter gene expression but not IkappaB alpha degradation. Transient transfection of HEK293 cells with Btk had no effect on NFkappaB-dependent reporter gene expression but strongly promoted transactivation of a reporter gene by a p65-Gal4 fusion protein. IkappaB alpha degradation activated by LPS was intact in macrophages from X-linked immunodeficiency (Xid) mice, which contain inactive Btk. Transfection of cells with a dominant negative form of Btk (BtkK430R) inhibited LPS-driven p65 mediated transactivation. Additionally LFM-A13 impaired phosphorylation of serine 536 on p65 induced by LPS in HEK293-TLR4 cells, and in Xid macrophages this response was impaired. This study therefore reveals a novel function for Btk. It is required for the signaling pathway activated by TLR4, which culminates in phosphorylation of p65 on serine 536 promoting transactivation by NFkappaB.[1]


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