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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Differential effects of sex steroid hormones on the expression of multiple first exons including a novel first exon of prolactin receptor gene in the rat liver.

In addition to the known four alternative first exons E1(1), E1(2), E1(3) and E1(4) of the rat prolactin receptor (PRL-R) gene, a novel first exon, E1(5), was identified by cDNA cloning of the 5'-end region of PRL-R mRNA in the rat liver. Genomic fragments containing E1(5) and its 5'- or 3'-flanking regions were also cloned from rat kidney genomic DNA. A sequence search for E1(5) revealed that E1(5) is located 49 kb upstream of exon 2 of the PRL-R gene in rat chromosome 2q16. RT-PCR analysis revealed that E1(5) was preferentially expressed in the liver, brain and kidney. Expression profiles of E1(2)-, E1(3)- and E1(5)-PRL-R mRNAs in the liver of male and female rats at 5 days of age and those at 8 weeks of age were examined by RT-PCR. The levels of E1(2)-PRL-R mRNA in the female rat increased remarkably in rats at 8 weeks of age compared with those at 5 days of age, and the levels of E1(5)-PRL-R mRNA in the male rat decreased markedly at 8 weeks of age compared with those at 5 days of age. In the female rat, the levels of E1(2)-PRL-R mRNA at 8 weeks of age decreased with ovariectomy performed at 4 weeks of age and recovered with the administration of beta-oestradiol. On the contrary, the levels of E1(5)-PRL-R mRNA increased with ovariectomy and decreased with the oestrogen treatment. In the male rat liver, the levels of E1(2)-PRL-R mRNA at 8 weeks of age increased strikingly with castration performed at 4 weeks of age and became undetectable with the administration of testosterone. The levels of E1(5)-PRL-R mRNA increased slightly with castration and were restored by testosterone treatment. Removal of gonadal tissues and sex steroid hormone treatment had no effect on the expression levels of E1(3)-PRL-R mRNA in both female and male rat livers. These results indicated that the expression of the PRL-R gene in the liver is regulated by the differential effects of sex steroid hormones on the transcription of the multiple first exons including the novel one.[1]

References

  1. Differential effects of sex steroid hormones on the expression of multiple first exons including a novel first exon of prolactin receptor gene in the rat liver. Tanaka, M., Suzuki, M., Kawana, T., Segawa, M., Yoshikawa, M., Mori, M., Kobayashi, M., Nakai, N., Saito, T.R. J. Mol. Endocrinol. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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