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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dlk1 in normal and abnormal hematopoiesis.

Dlk1 ( Pref-1) is a transmembrane and secreted protein, which is a member of the epidermal growth factor-like family, homologous to Notch/ Delta/Serrate. We have found by real-time RT-PCR that Dlk1 mRNA levels were high in CD34(+) cells in 10 of 12 MDS samples compared with CD34(+) cells from 11 normals. Also, Dlk1 mRNA was elevated in mononuclear, low density bone marrow cells from 11/38 MDS patients, 5/11 AML M6 and 2/4 AML M7 samples. Furthermore, 5/6 erythroleukemia and 2/2 megakaryocytic leukemia cell lines highly expressed Dlk1 mRNA. Levels of Dlk1 mRNA markedly increased during megakaryocytic differentiation of both CMK megakaryoblasts as well as normal CD34(+) hematopoietic stem cells. High serum levels of Dlk1 occurred in RA (4/10) and essential thrombocythemia (2/10) patients. Functional studies showed that forced expression of Dlk1 enhanced proliferation of K562 cells growing in 1% fetal bovine serum. Analysis of hematopoiesis of Dlk1 knockout mice suggested that Dlk1 contributed to granulocyte, megakaryocyte and B-cell clonogenic growth and was needed for generation of splenic B-cells. In summary, Dlk1 is overexpressed in selected samples of MDS (especially RA and RAEB) and AML (particularly M6, M7), and it appears to be associated with normal development of megakaryocytes and B cells.[1]


  1. Dlk1 in normal and abnormal hematopoiesis. Sakajiri, S., O'kelly, J., Yin, D., Miller, C.W., Hofmann, W.K., Oshimi, K., Shih, L.Y., Kim, K.H., Sul, H.S., Jensen, C.H., Teisner, B., Kawamata, N., Koeffler, H.P. Leukemia (2005) [Pubmed]
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