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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localisation of high Acid phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity in afferent arterioles and glomeruli of human kidney.

Endothelial cells contain a variety of specific protein tyrosine phosphatases and an acid phosphatase differing from other known phosphatases. The highest activity of this acid phosphatase with artificial or unspecific substrates is present in the afferent arterioles and glomeruli of human kidney, and the activity is inhibited by nephrotoxic fluoride concentrations, suggesting that it plays a role in circulatory regulation. Here the activity was characterised with physiological substrates. An incubation mixture containing phosphotyrosine or phosphoserine was stable at pH 5 when phosphate-precipitating lead was chelated with tartrate. The activities were studied in frozen sections. Only phosphotyrosine was hydrolysed by some cells. High activity of tartrate-resistant phosphotyrosine phosphatase was present in lymphocytes, endothelial cells of afferent arterioles, and glomerular mesangial cells of kidney, decidual cells, and alveolar macrophages. In lymphocytes the activity was fluoride-resistant and vanadate-sensitive, in other cells fluoride- and vanadate-sensitive. In decidual cells and alveolar macrophages, the activity is due to specific osteoclastic/macrophagic tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, in lymphocytes to specific protein tyrosine phosphatases, and in endothelial and mesangial cells to a protein tyrosine phosphatase-like acid phosphatase. The results suggest that in endothelial cells of the afferent arterioles, mesangial cells, and lymphocytes the cellular activities are regulated by high constitutive phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity and this may be related to the exceptional cyclosporin A sensitivity of these cells.[1]


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