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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Adipocyte differentiation in Sod2(-/-) and Sod2(+/+) murine bone marrow stromal cells is associated with low antioxidant pools.

OBJECTIVE: Adipocytogenesis in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) from manganese-superoxide dismutase-deficient (Sod2(-/-)) and wild-type (Sod2(+/+)) mice and the effect of antioxidant pool size were determined. METHODS: BMSCs from Sod2(-/-) or Sod2(+/+) mice were cultured with and without adipocytogenic supplements including: 10 mug/mL insulin, 1 muM dexamethasone, and 100 muM indomethacin. Oil Red-O-positive cells and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction measurement of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) and lipoprotein lipase ( LPL) were measured. Antioxidant glutathione levels (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase activity (GPX) were determined. RESULTS: Sod2(-/-) cells demonstrated constitutive adipocytogenesis in basal medium and generated 34% more adipocytes in adipocytogenic media. Growth of cells in the free radical scavenger antioxidant, amifostine (WR2721; 4 mM) decreased numbers of adipocytes in Sod2(-/-) BMSCs in both basal (38.0%, p = 0.037) and adipocytogenic (37.5%, p = 0.021) media and reduced to undetectable the levels of expression of PPARgamma and LPL. In contrast, Sod2(+/+) cells showed no detectable constitutive adipocytogenesis but formed adipocytes in adipocytogenic medium, with a decrease (43.7%, p = 0.001) by addition of WR2721. In basal conditions, Sod2(-/-) cells had lower GSH (78.6%; p = 0.0089) and GPX (52.7%; p < 0.001) levels than did Sod2(+/+) cells, which were increased in either medium by WR2721 treatment of Sod2(-/-) or Sod2(+/+) cells (all p < 0.001). Differentiation of BMSCs to adipocytes was inversely correlated with the level of GSH (r = -0.9427, p = 0.0167). Sod2(-/-) long-term bone marrow cultures had decreased hematopoiesis compared to those from Sod2(+/-) or Sod2(+/+) mice. CONCLUSION: The cellular redox pathway has a role in adipocyte differentiation of cells of the hematopoietic microenvironment.[1]

References

  1. Adipocyte differentiation in Sod2(-/-) and Sod2(+/+) murine bone marrow stromal cells is associated with low antioxidant pools. Lechpammer, S., Epperly, M.W., Zhou, S., Nie, S., Glowacki, J., Greenberger, J.S. Exp. Hematol. (2005) [Pubmed]
 
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