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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Low efficacy of 18F-FDG PET for detection of uveal malignant melanoma compared with 123I-IMP SPECT.

Earlier investigations showed that N-isopropyl-p-123I-iodoamphetamine SPECT (123I-IMP SPECT) is useful for the diagnosis of uveal malignant melanoma, whereas the feasibility and usefulness of 18F-FDG PET in uveal malignant melanoma have not yet been established. We compared the usefulness of 123I-IMP SPECT and 18F-FDG PET for the detection of uveal malignant melanoma on the same subjects. METHODS: Nineteen patients (10 men, 9 women) with suspected uveal malignant melanoma were examined by 123I-IMP SPECT. Thirteen of them were also examined by 18F-FDG PET. 123I-IMP SPECT was performed at 15 min or at 3 and 24 h after intravenous administration of 123I-IMP. RESULTS: In 12 of 19 study patients, 123I-IMP SPECT obtained at 24 h after intravenous administration of 123I-IMP delineated an area of increased uptake in the site corresponding to the ocular tumor. All of the ocular tumors in the 12 123I-IMP SPECT-positive patients were confirmed histopathologically and clinically to be uveal malignant melanoma. The other 7 123I-IMP-SPECT-negative patients have been monitored under the diagnosis of choroidal nevus, choroidal hemangioma, hyperplasia of the pigment epithelium of the retina, or idiopathic inflammatory lesions without any complications. In a total of 13 patients examined by 18F-FDG PET, 9 of whom were 123I-IMP SPECT positive and 4 were negative, only 1 patient showed abnormal uptake of 18F-FDG PET in the site corresponding to the ocular tumor. Therefore, 8 of 9 patients with uveal malignant melanoma showed false-negative results in 18F-FDG PET. The 18F-FDG PET-positive patient with uveal malignant melanoma had the largest tumor mass with a short diameter of 12 mm, a long diameter of 17 mm, and a height of 7 mm. In the other 8 18F-FDG PET-negative patients, the tumors had a dimension of 11 x 13 x 7 mm or less. CONCLUSION: 123I-IMP SPECT is a sensitive and accurate method for the detection of uveal malignant melanoma, whereas the efficacy of 18F-FDG PET for this purpose is low because of a high incidence of false-negative results. 123I-IMP SPECT is far more superior in comparison with 18F-FDG PET in detecting uveal malignant melanoma.[1]

References

  1. Low efficacy of 18F-FDG PET for detection of uveal malignant melanoma compared with 123I-IMP SPECT. Kato, K., Kubota, T., Ikeda, M., Tadokoro, M., Abe, S., Nakano, S., Nishino, M., Kobayashi, H., Ishigaki, T. J. Nucl. Med. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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