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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone OKT3), methylprednisolone and cyclosporine for acute graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

We report the results of a prospective non-randomized phase II study of Muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone OKT3), an anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, with methylprednisolone (MP) and cyclosporine ( CSA) for acute GVHD (aGVHD) prophylaxis in 22 hematologic malignancy patients. OKT3 was given at 0.1 mg/kg/day with a maximum dose of 5 mg/day. Initial MP dose was 1000 mg before OKT3, with subsequent doses at 1 mg/kg/day before each OKT3 infusion with a planned taper beginning at day +28. CSA (3 mg/kg/day) was given as a continuous infusion at day -1 and adjusted to maintain serum levels between 250 and 399 ng/ml. Allogeneic BMT donors were HLA-matched siblings (n = 17), single HLA-mismatched-related (n = 1) and HLA-matched unrelated (n = 4). All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment at a median 11 days (range, 8-25 days). By intent-to-treat, the cumulative incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD was 33% (95% CI 13-53%) at a median 26 days post-BMT (range, 14-84 days). Chronic GVHD developed in 11/12 evaluable patients. Eight patients (36%) developed OKT3 first dose reactions; no cases of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder were observed. OKT3 depleted peripheral CD3+ cells in vivo as measured by flow cytometry. OKT3+MP+CSA combination is moderately effective aGVHD prophylaxis, however, it is unlikely to be superior to CSA+MTX.[1]

References

  1. Muromonab-CD3 (Orthoclone OKT3), methylprednisolone and cyclosporine for acute graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Benekli, M., Hahn, T., Williams, B.T., Cooper, M., Roy, H.N., Wallace, P., Stewart, C., Bambach, B., McCarthy, P.L. Bone Marrow Transplant. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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