The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Interaction of adenovirus type 5 fiber with the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor activates inflammatory response in human respiratory cells.

The innate immune response to adenovirus (Ad)-derived gene transfer vectors has been shown to initiate immediately after interaction of Ad with respiratory epithelial cells, through the induction of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and JNK mitogen- activated protein kinase ( MAPK), nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), and different proinflammatory genes. Ad serotypes 2 or 5 (Ad2/5) enter respiratory epithelia after initial binding of fiber with the coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) or, alternatively, with cell surface heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans. Ad2/5 internalization is triggered by binding of penton base to cellular RGD-binding integrins. Here we investigated the role of the Ad5 surface domain proteins constituting the vector capsid, namely, the fiber, the penton base, and the hexon, on the transmembrane signals leading to the transcription of the different proinflammatory genes in the human respiratory A549 cell line. Interaction of Ad fiber with CAR activates both ERK1/2 and JNK MAPK and the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB, whereas no activation was observed after exposing A549 cells to penton base and hexon proteins. Moreover, interaction of Ad fiber with CAR, but not heparan sulfate proteoglycans, promotes transcription of the chemokines interleukin-8, GRO-alpha, GRO-gamma, RANTES, and interferon-inducible protein 10. These results identify the binding of Ad5 fiber with the cellular CAR as a key proinflammatory activation event in epithelial respiratory cells that is independent of the transcription of Ad5 genes.[1]

References

  1. Interaction of adenovirus type 5 fiber with the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor activates inflammatory response in human respiratory cells. Tamanini, A., Nicolis, E., Bonizzato, A., Bezzerri, V., Melotti, P., Assael, B.M., Cabrini, G. J. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities