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Mechanisms for Growth Factor-Induced Pituitary Tumor Transforming Gene-1 Expression in Pituitary Folliculostellate TtT/GF Cells.

PTTG1, a securin protein, also behaves as a transforming gene and is overexpressed in pituitary tumors. Because pituitary folliculostellate (FS) cells regulate pituitary tumor growth factors by paracrine mechanisms, epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR)-mediated PTTG1 expression and cell proliferation was tested in pituitary FS TtT/GF cells. EGFR ligands caused up to 3-fold induction of Pttg1 mRNA expression, enhanced proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and increased entry of G0/1-arrested cells into S-phase. PTTG binding factor mRNA expression was not altered. EGF- induced Pttg1 expression and cell proliferation was abolished by preincubation of TtT/GF cells with EGFR inhibitors AG1478 and gefitinib. Phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, protein kinase C, and MAPK, but not c-Jun N-terminal kinase and Janus activating kinase signaling regulated EGF-induced Pttg1, as well as proliferating cell nuclear antigen mRNA expression and entry into S-phase. EGF- induced EGFR and ERK1/2 phosphorylation was followed by rapid MAPK kinase/ ERK kinase-dependent activation of Elk-1 and c-Fos. EGF-induced Pttg1 expression peaked at the S-G2 transition and declined thereafter. Pttg1 cell cycle dependency was confirmed by suppression of EGF- induced Pttg1 mRNA by blockade of cells in early S-phase. The results show that PTTG1 and its binding protein PTTG binding factor are expressed in pituitary FS TtT/GF cells. EGFR ligands induce PTTG1 and regulate S-phase, mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, protein kinase C, and MAPK pathways. PTTG1 is therefore a target for EGFR-mediated paracrine regulation of pituitary cell growth.[1]

References

  1. Mechanisms for Growth Factor-Induced Pituitary Tumor Transforming Gene-1 Expression in Pituitary Folliculostellate TtT/GF Cells. Vlotides, G., Cruz-Soto, M., Rubinek, T., Eigler, T., Auernhammer, C.J., Melmed, S. Mol. Endocrinol. (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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