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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Tissue-specific regulation of sodium/proton exchanger isoform 3 activity in Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) null mice. cAMP inhibition is differentially dependent on NHERF1 and exchange protein directly activated by cAMP in ileum versus proximal tubule.

The multi-PDZ domain containing protein Na(+)/H(+) Exchanger Regulatory Factor 1 (NHERF1) binds to Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) and is associated with the brush border (BB) membrane of murine kidney and small intestine. Although studies in BB isolated from kidney cortex of wild type and NHERF1(-/-) mice have shown that NHERF1 is necessary for cAMP inhibition of NHE3 activity, a role of NHERF1 in NHE3 regulation in small intestine and in intact kidney has not been established. Here a method using multi-photon microscopy with the pH-sensitive dye SNARF-4F (carboxyseminaphthorhodafluors-4F) to measure BB NHE3 activity in intact murine tissue and use it to examine the role of NHERF1 in regulation of NHE3 activity. NHE3 activity in wild type and NHERF1(-/-) ileum and wild type kidney cortex were inhibited by cAMP, whereas the cAMP effect was abolished in kidney cortex of NHERF1(-/-) mice. cAMP inhibition of NHE3 activity in these two tissues is mediated by different mechanisms. In ileum, a protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent mechanism accounts for all cAMP inhibition of NHE3 activity since the PKA antagonist H-89 abolished the inhibitory effect of cAMP. In kidney, both PKA-dependent and non-PKA-dependent mechanisms were involved, with the latter reproduced by the effect on an EPAC (exchange protein directly activated by cAMP) agonist (8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-2'O-Me-cAMP). In contrast, the EPAC agonist had no effect in proximal tubules in NHERF1(-/-) mice. These data suggest that in proximal tubule, NHERF1 is required for all cAMP inhibition of NHE3, which occurs through both EPAC-dependent and PKA-dependent mechanisms; in contrast, cAMP inhibits ileal NHE3 only by a PKA-dependent pathway, which is independent of NHERF1 and EPAC.[1]

References

  1. Tissue-specific regulation of sodium/proton exchanger isoform 3 activity in Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) null mice. cAMP inhibition is differentially dependent on NHERF1 and exchange protein directly activated by cAMP in ileum versus proximal tubule. Murtazina, R., Kovbasnjuk, O., Zachos, N.C., Li, X., Chen, Y., Hubbard, A., Hogema, B.M., Steplock, D., Seidler, U., Hoque, K.M., Tse, C.M., De Jonge, H.R., Weinman, E.J., Donowitz, M. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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