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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rat beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialyltransferase genomic organization: alternate promoters direct the synthesis of liver and kidney transcripts.

The rat beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialytransferase gene is differentially utilized by liver and kidney in the generation of mRNAs that predict substantially divergent polypeptides. In order to determine the biosynthetic relationship between these sialyltransferase mRNA isoforms, genomic sequences were isolated and analysed. Five exons that span at least 40 kb of DNA carry the coding information for the liver beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialyltransferase protein. An additional exon contains only sequences for the 5'-untranslated leader of the liver mRNA. In contrast, the predominant kidney mRNAs from this gene share only three coding exons that specify the carboxyl terminal 42% of the liver sialyltransferase protein sequence. In addition, these kidney mRNAs contain information from two other exons that comprise the 5' divergent region of these transcripts. Primer extension and S1 nuclease protection analysis demonstrate that the hepatic and kidney specific mRNAs are transcriptionally initiated at different sites within the sialyltransferase gene. While the hepatic sialyltransferase mRNAs are transcribed from the first exon, the kidney transcripts are initiated from a site within the third intron. Genomic regions upstream of both transcriptional initiation sites can regulate expression of the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene in transiently transfected L cells. Together, the data implicate multiple promoters as a principle mechanism in the generation of kidney and liver gene product diversity in sialyltransferase expression.[1]


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