The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pertussis toxin effects on chemoattractant-induced response heterogeneity in human PMNs utilizing Fluo-3 and flow cytometry.

Flow cytometric methods were utilized to determine N-formylpeptide-induced cytosolic calcium levels in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) detected with the calcium indicator Fluo-3. Fluo-3 was readily loaded into PMNs as the acetoxymethyl ester. At room temperature Fluo-3 extrusion was minimal (less than 10%) over a 2 h time period. Flow cytometric histograms yielded symmetric distributions indicating homogeneous labelling of the cells. Stimulation of the cells with N-formyl-met-leu-phe (FMLP) caused homogeneous activation of all cells as indicated by a shift of the fluorescence distribution to higher fluorescence levels while still maintaining a symmetrical distribution. Resting values or FMLP-induced cytosolic calcium levels were similar in cells loaded over a 20-fold range of Fluo-3-acetoxymethyl ester. The effect of graded pertussis toxin (PT) treatment on the calcium response was determined by incubating cells with different concentrations of pertussis toxin for a time period that yielded a range of ADP ribosolation levels inside the cells. When these cells were activated with FMLP, the fluorescence histograms showed that pertussis toxin treatment resulted in a conversion of cells from responders to nonresponders. The responding cells responded with maximum calcium elevations similar to controls. This behavior may reflect heterogeneous insertion of the A-protomer of PT or a very sharp threshold of coupled G-proteins required to transduce the responses.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities