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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Organization of the gene for platelet glycoprotein IIb.

The glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa heterodimer functions as a receptor for fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and fibronectin on activated platelets; it is dysfunctional in the bleeding diathesis Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. This receptor is a member of the integrin family, which includes homologous membrane receptors involved in a number of different cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesive interactions. Knowledge of the sequence and organization of the GPIIb and GPIIIa genes will help in understanding evolutionary relationships and functional homologies of this family of adhesion protein receptors and will facilitate analysis of molecular defects responsible for thrombasthenia. Using the GPIIb cDNA as a probe, we have isolated overlapping genomic clones encompassing the entire coding region, the 5'- and 3'-untranslated sequences, and the immediate flanking regions for the GPIIb gene. The gene spans approximately 17.2 kilobases (kb); all but approximately 2.6 kb of intronic DNA sequence has been determined. The GPIIb gene contains 30 exons whose demarcations do not correlate with previously suggested functional domains. Two intron/exon borders have the rare GC splice donor sequence instead of the consensus GT sequence. There are at least seven complete and three partial AluI sequence repeats within the intron sequences. RNase protection, S1 nuclease analysis, and primer extension studies using human erythroleukemia (HEL) cell RNA and platelet RNA map a major transcription start site 32 base pairs (bp) 5' to the beginning of the coding region; however, there are no canonical consensus TATA or CAAT boxes in the region immediately 5' to the proposed cap site. The immediate 5'-flanking sequence of rodent GPIIb demonstrates complete identity near the proposed cap site with its human counterpart, but again, no TATA or CAAT boxes are apparent.[1]


  1. Organization of the gene for platelet glycoprotein IIb. Heidenreich, R., Eisman, R., Surrey, S., Delgrosso, K., Bennett, J.S., Schwartz, E., Poncz, M. Biochemistry (1990) [Pubmed]
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