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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of novobiocin on initiation of DNA replication in Bacillus subtilis.

The initiation of DNA replication of small replicons in vitro involves conformational changes in the whole DNA molecule or in the region near to the replication origin. One striking finding has been the role of DNA gyrase (that is, the necessity for supercoiled structure) in the initial stage of ColE1 replication in vitro. However, little is known about the effect of gyrase on the initiation of replication of bacterial chromosomes in vivo. We have constructed a map of cleavage sites of restriction enzymes at the region of the origin of replication of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome (accompanying paper). This has now enabled us to examine the effect of novobiocin, a selective inhibitor of DNA gyrase, on the replication of the specific chromosomal segments near the origin and to seek a possible role for the gyrase in the initiation of chromosomal replication. We have found that only a limited segment of the chromosome at the origin region was replicated in the presence of novobiocin. This effect allowed us to locate the site of the origin of replication to within a DNA fragment of molecular weight 3.4 x 10(6).[1]


  1. Effect of novobiocin on initiation of DNA replication in Bacillus subtilis. Ogasawara, N., Seiki, M., Yoshikawa, H. Nature (1979) [Pubmed]
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