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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence analysis of cDNA and genomic DNA for a putative pertussis toxin-insensitive guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein alpha subunit.

We have isolated cDNA clones from rat C6 glioma cells coding for several guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (G protein) alpha subunits (G alpha). The cDNA clones were then used to isolate human chromosomal genes. Among human genomic clones isolated by cross-hybridization with the rat cDNA for the alpha subunit of the inhibitory G protein Gi2, termed Gi2 alpha, a clone designated lambda HGi62 was found to contain a sequence that is highly homologous but distinct from any of the known G alpha sequences, and we have tentatively designated this sequence Gx alpha. We have searched a rat brain cDNA library with the Gx alpha sequence and isolated a cDNA clone containing a rat sequence similar to human Gx alpha. The cDNA contained a single open reading frame of 1065 nucleotides coding for a protein of 355 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 40,879. The amino acid sequence of rat Gx alpha shows 66% and 40% similarity with rat Gi2 alpha and rat Gs alpha (the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein), respectively. By RNA blot hybridization analysis, mRNA of approximately 3.2 kilobases was detected mainly in brain. Interestingly, the deduced amino acid sequence of Gx alpha predicts that the Gx alpha protein may be refractory to modification by pertussis toxin since the cysteine residue in the fourth position from the C terminus of pertussis toxin-sensitive G alpha is replaced by isoleucine.[1]


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