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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The glutamine residues reactive in transglutaminase-catalyzed cross-linking of involucrin.

The protein involucrin, synthesized by human keratinocytes, contains 585 amino acids, largely in the form of 10 amino acid repeats, each containing glutamines in 3 conserved positions. Involucrin is a substrate for the keratinocyte transglutaminase and is labeled by the cosubstrate amine, glycine ethyl ester. Study of tryptic peptides of involucrin shows that a single glutamine (residue 496), located 89 residues from the C-terminal end, is preferentially labeled by the enzyme. Additional glutamine residues become reactive when the molecule is fragmented. The C-terminal end, isolated as a cyanogen bromide fragment of 275 residues, is labeled equally at 2 glutamine residues. The polypeptide containing residues 148 to 280 accepts practically no amine while in intact involucrin but as a free fragment is labeled at multiple glutamine residues. It is concluded that the C-terminal and N-terminal ends of the protein are directive influences in that they suppress the reactivity of a number of glutamine residues in the intact molecule, leaving one glutamine highly preferred by the transglutaminase.[1]


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