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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of alaproclate, potassium channel blockers, and lidocaine on the release of 3H-acetylcholine from the guinea-pig ileum myenteric plexus.

The guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparation, preincubated with 3H-choline or 3H-noradrenaline, was mounted in an organ bath and superfused with Tyrode's solution. Alaproclate (2-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl 2-aminopropanoate) (0.01-0.5 mmol/l) reduced (IC50 = 0.1 mmol/l) and at about 0.5 mmol/l completely blocked the electrically evoked 3H-acetylcholine secretion. The depressing effect of alaproclate (0.2 mmol/l) was not counteracted by atropine (0.01, 1 or 10 mumol/l), hexamethonium (0.1 mmol/l), phentolamine (1 mumol/l) yohimbine (1 mumol/l), haloperidol (1 mumol/l), 8-phenyltheophylline (10 mumol/l), cyproheptadine (1 mumol/l), metitepine (1 mumol/l), bicuculline (10 mumol/l), picrotoxinin (0.1 mmol/l), forskolin (25 mumol/l), 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (5 mmol/l), nifedipine (1 mumol/l), verapamil (1 mumol/l), dilitiazem (1 mumol/l), high calcium (6 mmol/l), high potassium (10 or 15 mmol/l), tetraethylammonium (2 mmol/l), 4-aminopyridine (0.5 mmol/l), apamin (0.5 mumol/l), barium (0.5 mmol/l) or quinine (0.1 mmol/l). Among the potassium channel blockers tested only quinine (at 0.5 or 1 mmol/l), in the same manner as lidocaine, reduced the evoked secretion of 3H-acetylcholine. The results are in agreement with the hypothesis that the effect of alaproclate on the evoked 3H-acetylcholine secretion is not mediated by a neurotransmitter receptor, or a potassium channel sensitive to tetraethylammonium, 4-aminopyridine, apamin, or barium or quinine, but is due to a local anaesthetic effect. In contrast to the evoked secretion, the spontaneous release of 3H-acetylcholine was enhanced by high concentrations of alaproclate (0.4-1 mmol/l). The mechanism underlying the effect of alaproclate on the spontaneous release remains to be established. Alaproclate (0.25 or 0.5 mmol/l) also enhanced the spontaneous release and reduced the electrically evoked 3H-noradrenaline secretion.[1]


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