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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cumene hydroperoxide-dependent oxidation of NNN'N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine and 7-ethoxycoumarin by cytochrome P-450. Comparison between the haemoproteins from liver and olfactory tissue.

The interaction of cytochromes P-450 of the liver and olfactory epithelium of male hamsters with cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) has been characterized with regard to the ability of CHP to (1) support 7-ethoxycoumarin-O-de-ethylase (ECOD) activity, (2) support the oxidation of NNN'N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamme (peroxidase activity) and (3) cause inactivation of cytochrome P-450. In the liver, CHP was found to support both ECOD and peroxidase activities while causing only minimal inactivation of cytochrome P-450. In contrast, in the olfactory epithelium CHP was virtually unable to support ECOD activity, peroxidase activity was 4-fold greater than in the liver, and extensive inactivation of cytochrome P-450 occurred. The reasons for these differences have been investigated with particular reference to the mode of cytochrome P-450-catalysed decomposition of CHP, that is, via homolytic or heterolytic cleavage of the hydroperoxide dioxygen bond. In both tissues, cumenol (2-phenylpropan-2-ol) was the major product of CHP decomposition detected. The radical scavenger nitrosobenzene inhibited cumenol formation by 84% in the olfactory epithelium, but by only 38% in the liver. This may indicate that dioxygen-bond scission occurs predominantly homolytically in the nasal tissue, whereas there is a balance between homolysis and heterolysis in the liver. It is suggested that the inability of CHP to support ECOD activity in the olfactory epithelium and the extensive inactivation of cytochrome P-450 that it causes both stem from decomposition of the hydroperoxide occurring homolytically rather than heterolytically in this tissue.[1]


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