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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Flavin-containing monooxygenase activity in human liver microsomes.

Human liver microsomal flavin-containing monooxygenase activity has been studied using dimethylaniline N-oxidation and thiobenzamide S-oxidation. Except for one subject, the capacity of human liver microsomes to mediate these reactions were markedly increased at pH 8.4 compared to pH 7. 4. The mean dimethylaniline N-oxidase activities at pH 7.4 and 8.4 in the four subjects tested were 2.49 +/- 1.13 and 6.59 +/- 4.04 nmol mg-1 min-1, respectively (mean +/- SD, N = 4). The mean thiobenzamide S-oxidase activities at pH 7.4 and 8.4 were 1.39 +/- 0.51 and 2.74 +/- 1.28 nmol mg-1 min-1, respectively. At pH 7.4, an antibody to the human liver NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase inhibited dimethylaniline N-oxidation between 4 and 38%. The same antibody had no effect on this reaction at pH 8. 4. Except for one subject, a battery of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors also had little effect on this reaction. Further, preincubating human microsomes at 45 degrees C in the absence of NADPH for 4 min destroyed approximately 90% of the dimethylaniline N-oxidase activity. These data collectively suggested that the flavin-containing mono-oxygenase is the major enzyme mediating this reaction in human liver microsomes. In contrast to dimethylaniline N-oxidation, thiobenzamide S-oxidation was significantly inhibited by the anti-reductase at both pH 7.4 and 8.4, respectively. These data indicate that cytochromes P-450 contribute significantly to this reaction in human liver microsomes.[1]


  1. Flavin-containing monooxygenase activity in human liver microsomes. McManus, M.E., Stupans, I., Burgess, W., Koenig, J.A., Hall, P.M., Birkett, D.J. Drug Metab. Dispos. (1987) [Pubmed]
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