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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nifedipine gastrointestinal therapeutic system in stable angina pectoris. Results of a multicenter open-label crossover comparison with standard nifedipine.

To compare the clinical efficacy and dose equivalency of standard nifedipine versus a new gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) formulation of nifedipine, 98 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris participated in a 14-week, multicenter, open-label, crossover trial. All patients were administered nifedipine capsules for one month prior to study entry and continued receiving other antianginal, non-calcium blocker medications. Ninety-one patients (93 percent), 80 men and 11 women, mean age 62 +/- 1 years, completed the trial, which included two weeks receiving standard nifedipine followed by 12 weeks receiving nifedipine GITS starting at a dosage equal to the 24-hour total dose of nifedipine capsules and titrated upward as necessary. However, throughout the trial, mean nifedipine dosage was similar on nifedipine GITS compared with standard nifedipine. Angina frequency was significantly less with nifedipine GITS at Weeks 6, 10, and 14 (0.8 episodes/week) compared with baseline with standard nifedipine (1.3 episodes/week, p less than 0.05). Likewise, nitroglycerin consumption was also less at Weeks 6, 10, and 14, but only significantly less at Week 6 (nifedipine 1.2/week versus nifedipine GITS at six weeks, 0.7/week; p less than 0.05). Resting hemodynamic parameters, including systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate, were not significantly different with standard nifedipine versus nifedipine GITS during the 12-week study. Total incidences of side effects were similar for both treatments (standard nifedipine, 16; nifedipine GITS, 17). However, incidence of vasodilator side effects (flushing, dizziness, and light-headedness) was significantly less frequent with nifedipine GITS (standard nifedipine, 12; nifedipine GITS, six; p less than 0.05). Thus, results from this open-label, crossover trial suggest that nifedipine GITS dosing is similar to multidose standard nifedipine with equivalent 24-hour efficacy for nifedipine GITS.[1]


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