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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Genetic rearrangements and gene amplification in Escherichia coli: DNA sequences at the junctures of amplified gene fusions.

We describe gene fusions that result from genetic duplications of 5-20 kb, which are amplified 50- to 100-fold. Because one end point of the fusion lies within the sequenced lacI gene, the new junctures created by the duplications are readily identified. Using a procedure for dideoxy sequencing of double-stranded DNA, we show that the duplications occur almost exclusively at short sequence repeats (less than 15 bp), sometimes involving broken homologies, in the 30 cases examined. Most of the duplications place the lacI-Z encoded hybrid repressor-beta-galactosidase protein under the control of a downstream promoter, resulting in the production of a more complex hybrid protein with beta-galactosidase activity. In some cases the fusion occurs with the lacY or the lacA gene, which suggests that silent promoters can be uncovered by gene fusion and subsequent amplification. In some ways this system represents a bacterial analog to chromosomal rearrangements of oncogenes in higher cells, since here the expression of a silent gene is the result of a genetic rearrangement that is followed by amplification during selected growth.[1]

References

  1. Genetic rearrangements and gene amplification in Escherichia coli: DNA sequences at the junctures of amplified gene fusions. Whoriskey, S.K., Nghiem, V.H., Leong, P.M., Masson, J.M., Miller, J.H. Genes Dev. (1987) [Pubmed]
 
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