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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification of cytidine-triphosphate synthetase from rat liver, and demonstration of monomer, dimer and tetramer.

Cytidine-triphosphate synthetase (UTP: ammonia ligase (ADP-forming), EC has been purified over 31,000-fold to homogeneity with 17% recovery from rat liver cytosol, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques. The presence of CTP synthetase monomer, dimer and tetramer has been demonstrated in the ammonium sulfate fraction of rat liver cytosol. By gel-permeation HPLC, the molecular weights of the three molecular forms of the enzyme have been estimated as 240,000 (tetramer), 120,000 (dimer) and 60,000 (monomer). By gel-permeation chromatography on Bio-Gel A-1.5m column, the molecular weights of dimer and monomer were estimated as 100,000 and 50,000, respectively. The molecular weight of the monomeric subunit is determined to be 66,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Monomers isolated fresh from 0-30 (NH4)2SO4 fraction of rat liver cytosol are enzymatically active. Purified rat liver CTP synthetase exhibited sigmoidal kinetic plots as a function of the substrate UTP in the presence of the end-product, CTP. Partially purified CTP synthetase usually forms an inactive coagulum on freezing and subsequent thawing. Incubation of CTP synthetase dimer at 25 degrees C for 1 h in the presence of UTP, ATP and Mg2+ resulted in optimum conversion to tetramer with least inactivation. The purified tetramer dissociates to dimers when UTP, ATP and Mg2+ are removed by dialysis.[1]


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