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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Embryonal carcinoma-derived growth factor activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro.

We have recently reported that a polypeptide mitogen, the embryonal carcinoma-derived growth factor (ECDGF), induces phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor in intact C3H 10T 1/2 mouse fibroblasts with concomittant loss of high affinity EGF binding sites. This phenomenon appears to be mediated through an activation of protein kinase C. Several groups have described an acidic 80,000 dalton protein substrate of protein kinase C. In this paper, we demonstrate that the addition of ECDGF or the phorbol ester TPA to intact C3H 10T 1/2 cells results in the enhanced phosphorylation of this 80 kd protein in vivo. Furthermore, this response is demonstrable in vitro. Thus the addition of ECDGF, the phorbol ester TPA, protein kinase C or phosphoinositidase C to crude membranes prepared from C3H 10T 1/2 cells resulted in the enhanced phosphorylation of this protein. Data obtained by phosphopeptide mapping of the 80 kd protein show that the ECDGF-induced activation of protein kinase C in our membrane preparations is comparable with that obtained in vivo. The availability of an in vitro system in which this response is preserved should now allow a detailed biochemical analysis of the steps between binding of a mitogen to its receptor and the activation of protein kinase C.[1]


  1. Embryonal carcinoma-derived growth factor activates protein kinase C in vivo and in vitro. Mahadevan, L.C., Aitken, A., Heath, J., Foulkes, J.G. EMBO J. (1987) [Pubmed]
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