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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcriptional and translational control of the message for transition protein 1, a major chromosomal protein of mammalian spermatids.

The spermatid transition proteins comprise a set of basic chromosomal proteins that appear during the period when spermatids are undergoing nuclear elongation and condensation, about midway between the end of meiosis and the release of spermatozoa from the seminiferous tubule. The transition proteins replace the histones but are themselves subsequently replaced by protamines, and they are not found in sperm nuclei. We have used a cDNA clone for the smallest transition protein ( TP1, 54 amino acids) to show that its message first appears postmeiotically in late round spermatids. Thus production of TP1 is an example of haploid gene expression. The message remains translationally inactive for some 3-4 days before translation occurs in early elongating spermatids. While translationally repressed, TP1 message is nonpolysomal and has a discrete size of about 590 bases, including a 140 residue poly(A) tail. In contrast, polysome-associated message is of heterogeneous size due to variability of poly(A) lengths.[1]


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