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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isopentenoid synthesis in isolated embryonic Drosophila cells. Possible regulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase activity by shunted mevalonate carbon.

Our previous studies (Watson, J. A., Havel, C. M., Lobos, D. V., Baker, F. C., and Morrow, C. J. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 14083-14091) suggested that a matabolite, distal to isopentenyl 1-pyrophospate (IPP), served as a regulatory signal for sterol-independent modulation of Kc cell 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity. This report summarizes efforts to localize the potential source of the post-IPP regulatory signal molecule. We found no direct correlation between mevalonate-mediated suppression of Kc cell HMG-CoA reductase activity and the rates of [1-14C]-, [3-14C]-, [5-14C]-, or [5-3H]mevalonate incorporation into either carbon dioxide, neutral lipids, water, or water-soluble isopentenoid pyrophosphate esters. [1-14C]Mevalonate's rate of conversion to 14CO2 (a measure of total isopentenyl 1-pyrophosphate synthesis) was minimally 5-fold greater than that for neutral isopentenoid lipid synthesis (measured with either [5-3H]-, [3-14C]-, or [5-14C]mevalonate). However, [5-3H]mevalonate's rate of conversion into [3H]H2O (measure of shunted mevalonate carbon) was equivalent or greater than that measured for neutral isopentenoid lipid synthesis. [5-14C]Mevalonate radioactivity was incorporated into macromolecules and n-fatty acids. Kc cell extracts (100,000 X g supernatant fluid) readily oxidized alcohols with the following activity sequence: geraniol = nerol greater than farnesol = dimethylallyl alcohol greater than geranylgeraniol, isopentenyl alcohol, and allyl alcohol. Oxidation required NAD, and ethanol was not a substrate. We conclude that (a) Kc cells shunted a significant fraction (greater than or equal to 40%) of their post-IPP carbon to prenols for oxidative catabolism and (b) that shunted mevalonate carbon may play a significant role in the mevalonate-mediated regulation of Kc cell HMG-CoA reductase activity.[1]


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