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Blue dextran Sepharose chromatography of the tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase of E. coli: a potential application for the purification of the enzyme.

E. coli tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase can form a complex with Blue-dextran Sepharose, in the presence or in the absence of Mg++. In its absence, the complex is dissociated by either ATP or cognate tRNATrp. However, in the presence of Mg++, only tRNATrp can dissociate the complex whereas ATP has no effect. E. coli total tRNA or tRNAMet, at the same concentration, cannot displace the synthetase from the complex. It is suggested that the Blue-dextran binds to the synthetase through its tRNA binding domain. This hypothesis is supported by previous findings with polynucleotide phosphorylase showing that Blue-dextran Sepharose can be used in affinity chromatography to recognize a polynucleotide binding site of the protein. The selective elution by its cognate tRNA of Trp-tRNA synthetase bound to Blue-dextran Sepharose provides a rapid and efficient purification of the enzyme. Examples of other synthetases and nucleotidyl transferases are also discussed.[1]

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