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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Total deletion of yeast LEU4: further evidence for a second alpha-isopropylmalate synthase and evidence for tight LEU4-MET4 linkage.

Using a combination of restriction endonuclease digestion, nuclease BAL 31 treatment, and standard ligation procedures, a 4.4-kb DNA segment that carried the yeast LEU4 gene [ encoding alpha-isopropylmalate synthase (IPMS) I] and adjoining sequences was excised from an appropriate plasmid and replaced with the yeast HIS3 gene. The new plasmid was digested to obtain a linear HIS3-carrying fragment flanked by remnants of the LEU4 region. Integrative transformation of a LEU4fbr LEU5+ his3- strain with this fragment resulted in the deletion of the LEU4 gene from the genome of some recipients, as demonstrated by transformant phenotype, genetic analysis and the absence of RNA capable of hybridizing to a LEU4 probe. The leu4 deletion strains remained Leu+. The extract of one such strain contained about 18% of the IPMS activity of wild-type cells. It is concluded that the residual activity is that of a second IPMS (IPMS II) that depends on an intact LEU5 locus. IPMS II was inhibited by leucine, but its sensitivity was about an order of magnitude lower than that of IPMS I. Deletion of the LEU4 region by the method utilized here resulted in an amino acid auxotrophy that could be satisfied by methionine, homocysteine, or cysteine. Complementation tests and genetic analysis demonstrated that the affected gene was MET4. Linkage to MET4 would place the LEU4 gene on the left arm of chromosome XIV.[1]


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