The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenotypic stability of mouse mammary tumor cells cultured on collagen gels.

This study demonstrates that phenotypic characteristics of androgen-responsive ( AR) Shionogi mouse mammary tumors and androgen-independent (AI) derivatives can be maintained in culture. Cells were seeded onto collagen gels in medium containing 2% dextran-charcoal-treated fetal bovine serum with or without 0.01 micrograms/ml dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Androgen-responsive tumors grew more rapidly than AI tumors in vivo and consequently, cells from AR tumors cultured in DHT-containing medium grew faster than cells in DHT-deprived medium and cells from AI tumors. Androgen-responsive tumors had a sheetlike growth pattern; AI tumors formed clumps or irregular cords of cells. Cells from AR tumors cultured in the presence of DHT formed confluent pavements, whereas cells maintained in the absence of DHT and cells from AI tumors formed clusters or cords of cells. Ultrastructurally, cells of AR tumors were elongated; cells of AI tumors were smaller and rounder. These cellular morphologies persisted in culture. Tumorigenicity of cells was assayed by injecting cells s.c. into host mice. Tumors arising from cells of freshly dissociated AR tumors and cells of AR tumors cultured in the presence of DHT appeared more rapidly and grew faster in intact males than in castrated males and intact females. Tumors arising from cells cultured in the absence of DHT and from freshly dissociated or cultured cells of AI tumors had identical rates of appearance and growth in all hosts. This culture system permits these cells to retain their state of malignant progression in vitro and should be a useful model for studying the origin of heterogeneity within tumors and its role in tumor behavior.[1]


  1. Phenotypic stability of mouse mammary tumor cells cultured on collagen gels. Emerman, J.T., Worth, A.J. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities