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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrophysiologic effects of hydralazine on sinoatrial function in patients with sick sinus node syndrome.

The electrophysiologic effects of hydralazine were evaluated in nine hypertensive patients with sinoatrial dysfunction. Intravenous hydralazine, 0.15 mg/kg, caused no significant reduction in arterial blood pressure. Yet this dose of hydralazine increased heart rate from 61.9 +/- 4.1 beats/min (mean +/- standard error of the mean) to 68.6 +/- 4.9 (P less than 0.001). Sinus nodal recovery time upon termination of atrial pacing shortened from 3,207 +/- 1,098 to 2,064 +/- 573 msec (P less than 0.05) and second escape cycles shortened as well (P less than 0.025). Acceleration of heart rate and abbreviation of recovery time did not closely correlate with change in blood pressure (r = 0.41 and 0.18, respectively). Junctional escape beats became more frequent and junctional escape time shortened from 2,525 +/- 692 to 1,705 +/- 382 msec (P less than 0.05). Sinoatrial conduction time tended to shorten, but a significant change was not observed. Atrial tachyarrhythmias did not occur and atrial refractoriness was unchanged. Thus, a minimal blood pressure response to hydralazine was associated with enhanced automaticity. Hydralazine merits clinical trial for treatment of sick sinus syndrome with concomitant hypertension.[1]


  1. Electrophysiologic effects of hydralazine on sinoatrial function in patients with sick sinus node syndrome. Engel, T.R., Leddy, C., Gonzalez, A.D., Meister, S.G., Frankl, W.S. Am. J. Cardiol. (1978) [Pubmed]
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