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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Percutaneous catheter dissolution of cystine calculi.

In 11 kidneys with presumed cystine stones that were symptomatic and obstructing, percutaneous nephrostomy and stone lavage with either acetylcysteine-bicarbonate solution or tromethamine-E were performed. There were 7 complete stone dissolutions: 2 of 6 attempts with acetylcysteine-bicarbonate alone, 3 of 5 with tromethamine-E, 1 partial with acetylcysteine-bicarbonate, which was completed with tromethamine-E, and 1 proved mixed stone (cystine and calcium phosphate) that required acetylcysteine-bicarbonate and hemiacidrin. In 1 case tromethamine-E irrigation was 97 per cent complete but a few tiny caliceal fragments remained. There were 3 failures of chemolysis: 2 pure cystine stones (1 each acetylcysteine-bicarbonate and tromethamine-E) and 1 mixed calculus with a surface shell of calcium oxalate. Irrigation time was 6 to 42 days for the 7 unoperated kidneys. Tromethamine-E appears to be a more effective agent for cystine stone dissolution. Percutaneous nephrostomy and dissolution are an alternative to an operation in patients with cystine calculous disease.[1]


  1. Percutaneous catheter dissolution of cystine calculi. Dretler, S.P., Pfister, R.C., Newhouse, J.H., Prien, E.L. J. Urol. (1984) [Pubmed]
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