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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine vesicle curvature on the reaction with human apolipoprotein A-I.

Large unilamellar vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) were prepared by sonication and were fractionated by gel filtration on Sepharose Cl-2B in the size range from 180- to 380-A Stokes radii. Negatively stained electron micrographs of these preparations indicated the presence of unilamellar, spheroidal structures of the expected size. Fluorescence polarization of diphenylhexatriene, dissolved in the vesicles, revealed progressively broader phase transitions, shifted to lower temperatures for vesicles of decreasing sizes. The fractionated unilamellar vesicles and multilamellar vesicles of DPPC were reacted with human apolipoprotein A-I at 41 degrees C for periods from 1 to 120 h. The reaction mixtures were then passed through a Bio-Gel A-5m column to separate unreacted lipid vesicles and protein from micellar complexes of DPPC with apolipoprotein A-I. Smaller vesicles were much more reactive than larger vesicles or multilamellar vesicles with the apolipoprotein. This difference in reactivity was explained by the increasing bilayer curvature of smaller vesicles which changes the packing of DPPC molecules in the bilayer and facilitates its penetration by the apolipoprotein.[1]


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