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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of 2-methyl-branched chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, an enzyme involved in the isoleucine and valine metabolism, from rat liver mitochondria.

2-Methyl-branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase was purified to homogeneity from rat liver mitochondria. The native molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 170,000 by gel filtration. On sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis both with and without 2-mercaptoethanol, the enzyme showed a single protein band with Mr = 41,500, suggesting that this enzyme is composed of four subunits of equal size. Its isoelectric point was 5.50 +/- 0.2, and A1%280 nm was 12. 5. This enzyme contained protein-bound FAD. The purified enzyme dehydrogenated S-2-methylbutyryl-CoA and isobutyryl-CoA with equal activity. The activities with each of these compounds were co-purified throughout the entire purification procedure. This enzyme also dehydrogenated R-2-methylbutyryl-CoA, but the specific activity was considerably lower (22%) than that for the S-enantiomer. The enzyme did not dehydrogenate other acyl-CoAs, including isovaleryl-CoA, propionyl-CoA, butyryl-CoA, octanoyl-CoA, and palmitoyl-CoA, at any significant rate. Apparent Km and Vmax values for S-2-methylbutyryl-CoA were 20 microM and 2.2 mumol min-1 mg-1, respectively, while those for isobutyryl-CoA were 89 microM and 2.0 mumol min-1 mg-1 using phenazine methosulfate as an artificial electron acceptor. The enzyme was also active with electron transfer flavoprotein. Tiglyl-CoA and methacrylyl-CoA were identified as the reaction products from S-2-methylbutyryl-CoA and isobutyryl-CoA, respectively. 2-Ethylacrylyl-CoA was produced from R-2-methylbutyryl-CoA. Tiglyl-CoA competitively inhibited the activity with both S-2-methylbutyryl-CoA and isobutyryl-CoA with a similar Ki. The enzyme activity was also severely inhibited by several organic sulfhydryl reagents such as N-ethylmaleimide, p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, and methyl mercury iodide. The pattern and degree of inhibition were essentially identical for both substrates. The purified 2-methyl-branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase was immunologically distinct from isovaleryl-CoA-, short chain acyl-CoA-, medium chain acyl-CoA-, or long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.[1]


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