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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of the level of cellular retinoid-binding proteins and susceptibility to retinoid-induced growth inhibition of various neoplastic cell lines.

The presence and level of cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP) and cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) were determined in several neoplastic cell lines. These cells exhibited different degrees of susceptibility to growth inhibition in culture by two retinoids, retinyl acetate and retinoic acid. CRABP was detected in 10 and CRBP in 3 of the 11 tested cell lines. The levels of CRBP and CRABP were in the ranges 15-3,400 and 4-1,290 pmol per 10(9) cells, respectively, as determined by sucrose gradient centrifugation. Cell lines that contained CRABP included S91 and B16 melanomas; Mm5mT and DMBA No. 8 mammary adenocarcinomas; BW5147, BW5147.RicR, and P3 neoplastic lymphoid cells; F361.2 (a hybrid cell line obtained by fusion of MSV3T3 and BW5147); MSV3T3 sarcoma; and RAW8 lymphosarcoma. All but the last two cell lines were inhibited by retinoic acid in culture. CRBP was detected in extracts of S91, Mm5mT, and RAW8. Retinyl acetate inhibited the growth of all cell lines with the exception of RAW8, MSV3T3, and F361. 2. No correlation was found between the level of either binding protein and the extent of growth inhibition by either retinyl acetate or retinoic acid. Neither of the binding proteins was detected in L1210-A5 leukemia cells, whose proliferation can be inhibited by both retinyl acetate and retinoic acid. These data indicated that screening cell lines for the presence and level of CRBP and CRABP is not sufficient to predict the susceptibility of cultured cells to growth inhibition by retinoids.[1]


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