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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Plasma content of B6 vitamers and its relationship to hepatic vitamin B6 metabolism.

The plasma content of B6 vitamers is governed by, among other factors, dietary supply and metabolic interconversion. This study examines the effect of pyridoxine supplementation on the plasma content of B6 vitamers and pyridoxic acid in man, and the metabolic conversion and release of B6 compounds in isolated rat hepatocytes. Six healthy human subjects were given 100 mg pyridoxine-HCl/d orally for 1--3 wk. Before pyridoxine supplementation, the mean total plasma level of B6 vitamers was 114 +/- 9 nM; and pyridoxal-P, pyridoxamine-P, pyridoxal, pyridoxine, and pyridoxamine accounted for 54, 3, 11, 27, and 5%, respectively. Plasma level of pyridoxic acid was 40 +/- 7 nM. Thus, pyridoxal-P is the principal B6 vitamer in plasma. During pyridoxine supplementation, mean plasma levels of the B6 vitamers and pyridoxic acid increased to 655 +/- 122 and 222 +/- 55 nM, respectively. The plasma content of pyridoxal-P and pyridoxic acid increased 6--7-fold and that of pyridoxal, 12-fold, but the pyridoxine level did not increase. Isolated hepatocytes, 1 g/15 ml, were incubated for 2 h with 3.33 microM [14C]pyridoxine (6 microCi/mumol). At zero time, the cells contained about 35 nmol pyridoxal-P and 25 nmol pyridoxamine-P. After 2 h incubation, the cellular content of pyridoxal-P and pyridoxamine-P did not change significantly, but the medium contained 5.9 nmol pyridoxal-P, 0.3 nmol pyridoxamine-P, 7.2 nmol pyridoxal, 26.6 nmol pyridoxine, 0.3 nmol pyridoxamine, and 7.5 nmol pyridoxic acid. Whereas the specific radioactivity of pyridoxal-P, pyridoxal, and pyridoxic acid in the medium approached that of [14C]pyridoxine, the specific radioactivity of cellular pyridoxal-P and pyridoxamine-P was only 20% of that of pyridoxine. Thus, newly synthesized pyridoxal-P is not freely exchangeable with endogenous pyridoxal-P, but is preferentially released or degraded to pyridoxal and pyridoxic acid. The latter B6 compounds are also released. These results suggest that orally ingested pyridoxine is rapidly metabolized in liver and its products are released into the circulation in the form of pyridoxal-P, pyridoxal, and pyridoxic acid.[1]


  1. Plasma content of B6 vitamers and its relationship to hepatic vitamin B6 metabolism. Lumeng, L., Lui, A., Li, T.K. J. Clin. Invest. (1980) [Pubmed]
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