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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

S-alkyl-L-thiocitrullines. Potent stereoselective inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase with strong pressor activity in vivo.

Nitric oxide synthase catalyzes the oxidation of a guanidino nitrogen of L-arginine to nitric oxide with concomitant formation of citrulline. Enzyme activity is inhibited by a variety of N omega-monosubstituted L-arginine analogs including N omega-alkyl-, N omega-amino-, and N omega-nitro-L-arginine derivatives. We report here that both constitutive and inducible isoforms of nitric oxide synthase are strongly inhibited by S-alkyl-L-thiocitrullines (N delta-(S-alkyl)isothioureido-L-ornithines) with n-alkyl groups of one to three carbons. These compounds represent a novel class of inhibitors and are the most potent nitric oxide synthase-inhibiting amino acids described to date. Inhibition is reversible, stereoselective, and competitive with L-arginine. Spectral studies show no direct interaction of inhibitor sulfur with heme iron, a result in contrast to that seen previously with the parent compound, L-thiocitrulline. The S-alkyl-L-thiocitrullines have strong pressor activity in normotensive control rats; S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline reverses hypotension in a rat model of septic peritonitis and in dogs administered endotoxin. These latter findings suggest that the inhibitors may have therapeutic utility in treating hypotension due to the overproduction of nitric oxide.[1]

References

  1. S-alkyl-L-thiocitrullines. Potent stereoselective inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase with strong pressor activity in vivo. Narayanan, K., Spack, L., McMillan, K., Kilbourn, R.G., Hayward, M.A., Masters, B.S., Griffith, O.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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